March 24, 2023

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Healthy gums are firm and pale pink and fitted tightly around the teeth. However, the signs and symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Swollen or puffy gums
  • Dusky red or dark red gums
  • Gums that bleed when you brush or floss
  • Bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Tender gums
  • The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. Your gums attach to the teeth at a lower point than the gum edges; this forms a small space called a sulcus. Food and plaque can get trapped in this space and cause a gum infection or gingivitis. If left unchecked, gingivitis can cause the gums to separate from the teeth, causing:

  • Injury to the soft tissue and bone supporting the teeth
  • The tooth becomes loose and unstable
  • The loss of the tooth if the infection progresses
  • Eliminating gingivitis takes about two weeks; treating it quickly can reverse it and prevent periodontitis. Tips to help you cure gingivitis:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day. If you can, brush after each meal.
  • Opt for an electric toothbrush to maximize your cleaning potential.
  • Make sure your toothbrush has soft or extra-soft bristles.
  • Replace your toothbrush every three months.
  • Floss daily.
  • Use a mouthwash or rinse with salt water.
  • Visit your dentist at least once a year.
  • Refrain from smoking or chewing tobacco.
  • Limit sugar your sugar intake.
  • Gingivitis is commonly diagnosed with a dental exam; your dentist typically checks:

  • Gum bleeding, swelling, firmness, and pocket depth (the space between the gum and tooth; the larger and deeper the pocket, the more severe the disease).
  • Teeth movement, sensitivity, and correct teeth alignment.
  • Your jawbone as it helps detect the breakdown of bone surrounding your teeth.
  • Using a probe, your dentist will determine the severity of your gum disease by measuring pockets in your gums and deciding if further tests are required.
  • The sooner gingivitis is treated, the better your chance of making a quick and complete recovery. If left untreated, gingivitis can cause severe damage to your teeth and lead to other health problems. Consult an Intercare dentist if you have:

  • Severe tooth pain
  • Bad breath
  • Gums that bleed a lot
  • Extremely swollen or inflamed gums
  • Good oral health habits, such as brushing at least twice daily, flossing daily, and getting regular dental check-ups, can help prevent and reverse gingivitis.


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