June 6, 2023

Longitudinal change in periodontal disease status is associated with incident diabetes risk according to a recent study published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology

The presence of periodontal disease (PD) at a single time point has been suggested as a predictor of diabetes risk, but whether changes in periodontal disease status are associated with altered risk of diabetes has yet to be reported on a population scale.
This study investigated whether recovery from or development of periodontal disease in a population is associated with an altered risk for diabetes occurrence.
Data of subjects who received health screening from 2002 to 2007 were obtained from the National Health Insurance Service – National Health Screening cohort database of Korea. Patients with a history of diabetes were excluded. Changes in periodontal disease status were determined from the first two health screenings. Study subjects were divided into 4 groups according to the changes of periodontal disease status: PD-free, PD-recovered, PD-developed, and PD-chronic. The outcome was the occurrence of diabetes.

Thus, longitudinal change in periodontal disease status is associated with incident diabetes risk. Future intervention studies are necessary to determine if periodontal disease treatment can prevent incident diabetes.
Recovery from chronic periodontal disease is associated with lower risk for incident diabetes by Jung-Hyun Park et al. published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Recovery, chronic, periodontal, disease, associated, lower, risk, incident, diabetes, jung-Hyun Park, Sun-Hyun Kim, Sun-Jong Kim, Jin-Woo Kim, Journal of Clinical Periodontology

Dr. Shravani Dali has completed her BDS from Pravara institute of medical sciences, loni. Following which she extensively worked in the healthcare sector for 2+ years. She has been actively involved in writing blogs in field of health and wellness. Currently she is pursuing her Masters of public health-health administration from Tata institute of social sciences. She can be contacted at editorial@medicaldialogues.in.
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