September 28, 2022

Longitudinal change in periodontal disease status is associated with incident diabetes risk according to a recent study published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology

The presence of periodontal disease (PD) at a single time point has been suggested as a predictor of diabetes risk, but whether changes in periodontal disease status are associated with altered risk of diabetes has yet to be reported on a population scale.
This study investigated whether recovery from or development of periodontal disease in a population is associated with an altered risk for diabetes occurrence.
Data of subjects who received health screening from 2002 to 2007 were obtained from the National Health Insurance Service – National Health Screening cohort database of Korea. Patients with a history of diabetes were excluded. Changes in periodontal disease status were determined from the first two health screenings. Study subjects were divided into 4 groups according to the changes of periodontal disease status: PD-free, PD-recovered, PD-developed, and PD-chronic. The outcome was the occurrence of diabetes.

Results:
Thus, longitudinal change in periodontal disease status is associated with incident diabetes risk. Future intervention studies are necessary to determine if periodontal disease treatment can prevent incident diabetes.
Reference:
Recovery from chronic periodontal disease is associated with lower risk for incident diabetes by Jung-Hyun Park et al. published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13687
Keywords:
Recovery, chronic, periodontal, disease, associated, lower, risk, incident, diabetes, jung-Hyun Park, Sun-Hyun Kim, Sun-Jong Kim, Jin-Woo Kim, Journal of Clinical Periodontology

Dr. Shravani Dali has completed her BDS from Pravara institute of medical sciences, loni. Following which she extensively worked in the healthcare sector for 2+ years. She has been actively involved in writing blogs in field of health and wellness. Currently she is pursuing her Masters of public health-health administration from Tata institute of social sciences. She can be contacted at editorial@medicaldialogues.in.
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